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Posts Tagged ‘Pakistan Nuclear Capability’

Nuclear Deterrence – Necessity or Compulsion?

Posted by yourpakistan on December 6, 2014


Pakistan Nuclear Deterrence

Zain Ul Abedin Qasmani – PKKH

Sometimes we have to perceive things from an entirely contradictory point of view of the general opinion. Pakistan’s nuclear capacity is one of the highly debated issues in the world both inside and outside the country. A recent report from an American think tank about Pakistan’s growing nuclear arsenal has brought the issue further criticism and denunciation. According to the report, Pakistan has the world’s fastest growing nuclear arsenal with enough fissile material to increase its existing stash of 120 missiles to over 200 by the year 2020. Ironically, this report has come from a country that has an existing arsenal of over 8,000 warheads. But let us move on to the bigger picture and discuss the reasons, as to why the Pakistani military is relatively inclined towards improving its nuclear arsenal instead of giving the conventional argument.

Firstly, it is surprising to see that most of the Pakistanis themselves are against Pakistan’s growing nuclear stockpile. Rightly so, because there are certain aspects that need to be addressed before the military further expands its nuclear cache. Some of the key grievances of the common populace about the aforementioned issue are highlighted as follows:

Excess military budget
The threat of a nuclear war
The danger of warheads falling into the hands of radical terrorist organizations
Unneeded focus on improving military equipment instead of concentrating on socioeconomic and political ills in the country

Let us try to discuss and answer all the queries from the above issues with a neutral approach. Read the rest of this entry »

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US, UK Against Pakistan Nukes

Posted by yourpakistan on December 30, 2012


Pakistan Nukes Arsenal

The United States and Britain are against Pakistan’s nuclear programme and the CIA uses ‘foreign agencies’ for its operations in Pakistan, Defence Secretary Lt-Gen (t) Asif Yasin Malik has said.

Talking to media at the defence ministry here on Friday, Asif Yasin also said that they had ‘complete information’ of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) agents working in Pakistan, and US had provided a list of its spies.

But neither the defence secretary divulged when the US informed them about its sleuths nor did he clarify if their ‘complete information’ was solely based on the list provided by the US, whose behaviour with Pakistan, he said, had ‘changed’ after Salala checkpost attack and subsequent suspension of NATO supplies.

Interestingly, the Lt-Gen declared that no country was allowed to work undercover in Pakistan but he did not tell why then the ‘exposed’ US spies and agents have been operating here. Again he sounded too ambiguous when he said “The CIA also uses the agencies of other countries.” Whether he meant NGOs, media organisations, or some other sort of foreign presence, he did not explain.

General Asif said “There is no formal agreement between CIA and the ISI for secret operations.” He also said 95 per cent of defence policy is made by the three defence services on the basis of mutual consultation, leaving one to assume the civilian government might have been doing the remaining five per cent work. Read the rest of this entry »

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Securing Pakistan’s Nukes

Posted by yourpakistan on November 9, 2011


How will the US-led world deal with Pakistan’s real strength – the patriotic and committed force of thousands of qualified and experienced scientists, engineers, other professionals associated with Pakistan’s nuclear programme? Will all be eliminated/incarcerated at Guantanomo Base or a similar one elsewhere?

By Brig Imran Malik – Opinion Maker

Defanging Pakistan by dismantling her nuclear programme must rank as one of US’ most fervent yet unfulfilled wishes and hitherto unattained strategic interests! Western media interest in Pakistan’s nukes remains unrelenting, uncompromising, sensational, wishful and largely ill-informed. A good example could be the recent article “The Ally from Hell” in The Atlantic magazine. Pakistan and the US have many converging and almost an equal number of divergent and even clashing strategic interests though Pakistan’s nuclear program tops that list. Pakistan’s nuclear program does not fit in with the US’ view of the world, of Asia and in particular her view of South Asia and the Middle East. The reasons are manifold, diverse and well known. Read the rest of this entry »

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U.S. Lashes Pakistan-China Atomic Deal

Posted by yourpakistan on March 22, 2011


U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Robert Blake said an atomic trade deal between China and Pakistan goes against Beijing’s commitments as part of an international nuclear export control group, Asian News International reported on Saturday (see GSN, March 9).

Chinese firms intend to build two new 340-megawatt light-water reactors at Pakistan’s Chashma Nuclear Power Plant, according to previous reports.

“We expect China to abide by the commitments that it made when it joined the Nuclear Suppliers Group in 2004, and in particular we think the construction of new nuclear reactors such as the Chashma 3 and 4 would be inconsistent with those commitments,” Blake said. “That remains our longstanding position.”

The 46-nation export control organization has largely sought to limit member nations’ atomic dealings only to those countries that have signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. Nuclear-armed Pakistan has not signed the treaty.

China has contended the two new reactors at Chashma should be permitted by the nuclear export group because Chinese involvement at the nuclear site predates the nation’s NSG membership.

While underlining U.S. opposition to the Pakistan-China nuclear deal, Blake said Washington understood “the need to support Pakistan’s energy development.” He said the United States has tried to assist Pakistan to “not only refurbish some of its existing [energy production] capacity to make it more efficient … but to look at new ways to help, again, meet those energy challenges.”

The Obama administration has turned down repeated calls from Islamabad for civilian atomic assistance (seeGSN, March 18).

New Delhi has also voiced strong reservations to the Pakistan-China deal.

Blake, however, said New Delhi had not requested that Washington take a more strident stand against the nuclear deal: “Not beyond what we’ve already talked about which is again, to hold Pakistan to its NSG commitments. I think that’s their principal concern as well.”

The United States joined other members of the International Atomic Energy Agency governing board earlier this month in unanimously voting to approve a plan for monitoring the planned third and fourth reactors at Chashma.

“[Indian officials] also understand that Pakistan has severe energy needs and that this affects internal stability and therefore it’s important for all countries to help … Pakistan to meet its own energy needs and that in turn can help, for example, many businesses get back on their feet and employ more people,” Blake said (Asian News International/Sify.com, March 19).

“What I’d like to emphasize is that it’s very important that on the one hand China observe its NSG obligations, but on the other hand, that the international community do as much as possible to help Pakistan to meet its energy needs. …We think there’s a lot that can be done in non-nuclear areas that help do that,” Blake was quoted by the Press Trust of India as saying.

Blake, the State Department’s point man for South and Central Asian Affairs, said he had not discussed Beijing’s nuclear dealings with Pakistan when he met with Chinese officials last week (K.J.M. Varma, Press Trust of India/Deccan Herald, March 19).

 

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Pakistan Steps Up New Nuclear Construction

Posted by yourpakistan on October 6, 2010


By Shaun Tandon (AFP)

Pakistan appears to have stepped up construction of a new atomic reactor that could help the country produce easier-to-deliver nuclear weapons, a US research institute said. Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal is one of the most sensitive topics for the United States as it tries to improve relations with its frontline partner in the campaign against Islamic extremism.

The Institute for Science and International Security, a private US group which is critical of nuclear weapons, said Tuesday it observed progress at Pakistan’s tightly guarded Khushab site which is key to plutonium production. In a September satellite image of the site in Punjab province, the institute said it observed a completed row of mechanical draft cooling towers at a third reactor, where construction began in 2006.

It marks a faster pace than for the second reactor, where such towers appeared after six years of construction, it said.
“Based on what I see in the image, it wouldn’t surprise me if they started it up in 2011,” said Paul Brannan, a senior analyst at the institute. The institute noticed steam from the second reactor in a December 31 image, indicating it was running. It did not see steam in the latest image, but said reactors were not operated continuously during early phases and that weather conditions may have reduced visibility.

Pakistan declared itself a nuclear weapons state in 1998, days after its historic rival India carried out similar atom bomb tests. Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal originally was based on highly enriched uranium. Western analysts believe that China initially assisted Pakistan in developing Khushab nuclear site to produce plutonium, which can be miniaturized for cruise missiles — presumably aimed at India. “Plutonium bombs give the ability to make smaller, lighter or more powerful weapons, and also more deliverable weapons, and I suspect that’s what Pakistan wants,” Brannan said.

Pakistan, which experts estimate now has up to 100 nuclear weapons, has been adamant that its nuclear weapons are in safe hands and President Barack Obama has publicly concurred. But the United States hinted at its frustration on Tuesday at the United Nations, where Pakistan has blocked a resumption of negotiations for an agenda in global nuclear disarmament talks. Pakistan opposes a proposed Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty, which would limit access to highly enriched uranium and plutonium used to make nuclear weapons.

Pakistan believes the treaty would lock in a nuclear imbalance in favor of India, with which it has fought three full-fledged wars since independence in 1947. Rose Gottemoeller, the US assistant secretary of state in charge of arms control, warned “our patience will not last forever.”

“I have to tell you that I expressed some disappointment at the fact that the conference on disarmament over the last years has been less energetic in terms of pursuing its overall agenda,” she told reporters. Pakistan’s Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani, visiting Washington in April for a nuclear security summit, said his country had tight control over its weapons and urged the United States to offer civilian nuclear cooperation of the type it has with India.

Joseph Cirincione, president of the Ploughshares Fund which supports a nuclear weapons-free world, said that the current safety of Pakistan’s arsenal was not the issue. “It’s the security of the government that worries me. If the government falls that’s when the nightmare comes,” Cirincione said. “American politicians and policymakers live in a constant state of denial about Pakistan. They see a mess and then they look away and pretend it’s all going to get better somehow,” he said.

The United States is the only nation to have dropped an atomic bomb in combat but Obama has set a goal of an eventual world without nuclear weapons.

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China to build 2 N-reactors in Pakistan

Posted by yourpakistan on April 30, 2010


China has agreed to build two new civilian nuclear reactors in Pakistan, according to Chinese companies and officials in Islamabad and Beijing, UK newspaper Financial Times said Thursday.The decision to supply reactors to Pakistan reflects China’s growing diplomatic confidence. It also reflects Beijing’s ambition to become a global supplier of nuclear energy and underscores its view of Pakistan as a prized south Asian strategic partner.The new deal with Pakistan, which has yet to be publicly announced, poses a dilemma for the US administration of President Barack Obama, which wants Chinese support for new sanctions on Iran but which does not want to weaken the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty. Non-proliferation is one of Washington’s main foreign policy goals.

China began building a nuclear reactor in Chashma in Punjab province in 1991 and work on a second rector began in 2005 and is expected to be completed next year. Under the new agreement, Chinese companies will build at least two new 650-MW reactors at Chashma, FT said. A Pakistani government official familiar with the discussions with China said on Wednesday: “Our Chinese brothers have once again lived up to our expectations. They have agreed to continue cooperating with us in the nuclear energy field.”

In a statement on its website, China National Nuclear Corporation said that the Chinese and Pakistan governments had signed an agreement to finance the construction of the two new reactors in February. Last year, Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Institute said it had been hired to design the two new reactors.Diplomats in China said they had been told that Beijing has given its formal approval to the deal, although they cautioned that there could still be last-minute hitches in the talks between the two governments.Officials of two nations that are members of the Nuclear Suppliers Group said they had yet to be formally informed by the Chinese that the supply of new reactors was going ahead.

Mark Hibbs, senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s nuclear policy programme, said that China had decided to go ahead with the deal because “for political reasons it felt Pakistan should be compensated in some way for the US-India nuclear deal”. The deal between Washington and New Delhi facilitated nuclear co-operation even though India has not signed the NPT.“After the dust settled on the US-India nuclear deal, China gravitated towards a position that it will support nuclear commerce if it benefits Chinese industry,” he added.

The Obama administration could well not oppose China’s new nuclear deal with Pakistan, Hibbs said, because it wanted to keep Pakistan engaged in Afghanistan and gain Chinese support over Iran’s nuclear programme. He also said the US would find it difficult to oppose China’s support for Pakistan after signing the US-India civil nuclear agreement. Western diplomats in Islamabad said the US was likely to accept China’s growing role as a supplier of nuclear power to Pakistan.

The agreement comes as Pakistan faces long electricity cuts as a result of under-investment in the energy sector. Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani last week urged Pakistanis not to damage public property in protests against the power shortage.

Source: Pakistan Ideology


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The Nukes: A Waning Pakistani Resolve?

Posted by yourpakistan on June 8, 2009


Pakistan Nuclear Bomb PakNationalists presents this record that offers a compelling material to  show how Pakistan’s existing nuclear policy is not only weak but is also  robbing the nation of any advantages that could accrue from acquiring  advanced nuclear technology.

The Pakistani foreign office never tires of repeating the apologetic line about the strength of the country’s nuclear command.But behind the scenes, there are signs that actions do not match words. There is a need now for some ‘nuclear arrogance’ in the Pakistani nuclear and defense establishments.  Pakistani politicians are too busy in their political musical chair to be of any help. To save the situation, the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee of the Pakistan Armed Forces will have to intervene to make the requisite changes. These changes should ensure the optimization of the diplomatic and the psychological advantage for a nuclear-armed Pakistan.
 
PakNationalists presents this report that offers compelling material to show how Pakistan’s existing nuclear policy is not only weak but is also robbing the nation of any advantages that could accrue from acquiring advanced nuclear technology.

 The Pakistani foreign office never tires of repeating the apologetic line about the  strength of the country’s nuclear command. But behind the scenes, there are signs that  actions do not match words. There is a need now for some ‘nuclear arrogance’ in the  Pakistani nuclear and defense establishments.  Pakistani politicians are too busy in  their political musical chair to be of any help. To save the situation, the Joint Chiefs of  Staff Committee of the Pakistan Armed Forces will have to intervene to make the requisite changes. These changes should ensure the optimization of the diplomatic and the psychological advantage for a nuclear-armed Pakistan. PakNationalists presents this report that offers compelling material to show how Pakistan’s existing nuclear policy is not only weak but is also robbing the nation of any advantages that could accrue from acquiring advanced nuclear technology.

 

Consider the following: 

1.Forget the classified nuclear research projects.  The Pakistani government is delaying the release of funds even for the non-classified projects. 

2.While President Zardari was in the U.S. in May, U.S. officials leaked to the Boston Globe that Mr. Zardari’s aides are secretly negotiating the transfer of enriched uranium to the U.S. for disposal. Pakistani newspaper The Nation described the leak as Nuclear Surrender in an editorial on May 7. 

3. Mr. Zardari has decided that Pakistan won’t be first in using nuclear weapons in case of war, theoretically ending any advantage Pakistan could have by owning nuclear weapons in front of a larger, nonconventional adversary such as India. 

4.In December 2008, the Zardari-Gilani government turned down a great opportunity to buy uranium from international market. It is true Pakistan faced budgetary problems, but this was an opportunity that won’t be easily repeated.

Traitor Government Of Pakistan

Dr. Shireen Mazari has recently written a convincing article on the little steps that are leading to nuclear surrender in Pakistan. The article is a must read for those who want to understand how Pakistan is practicing appeasement in the face of relentless one-sided American anti-Pakistanism.Peter Lee has written a masterpiece that explains how, in Pakistan’s case, the American think tanks are tightly aligned with the objectives of the political-military-intelligence establishment in Washington D.C.  The Americans have perfected the art of cooked intelligence. Lee has exposes a case of ‘cooked academic research’ on Pakistan. 

According to Lee, the Institute for Science and International Security, ISIS, recently released what it claimed was a study that revealed Pakistan was expanding its nuclear arsenal.  Lee did what clumsy and unimaginative Pakistani officials could never do, including those in charge of Islamabad’s political and military media outreach: intelligently and creatively defend the Pakistani position. Lee exposes the trail of American-created “alarmism” on Pakistani nukes. And he does it with brilliant clarity. If Pakistan’s inept official media managers, civilian and military, learn half of what Lee writes, Pakistan’s media counterattack on the nuclear propaganda can improve manifold.  

Lastly, this dossier includes a brief comparison between American nuclear safety record and Pakistan’s record. Needless to say, it leaves most Pakistanis laughing. Former President Musharraf thought he was acting smart when he incarcerated Dr. A. Q. Khan and when he sent old centrifuge designs to IAEA.  Pakistan did not have to take any of those actions. Pakistan did not violate any laws. U.S. interests, of course, are not a law. Mr. Musharraf and Pakistan were eventually outsmarted. Concessions led to more concessions. But to the horror of many Pakistanis now, our nuclear establishment appears set on another phase of concessions under the same misguided conviction that we will outsmart the detractors. That is not going to happen. The only way out now is to change course. Men of conviction are better than men of compromise. Pakistan’s nuclear hierarchy needs such men and women.

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