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India-Pakistan Terrorism: A Fresh Insight

Posted by yourpakistan on July 30, 2012

When India debates terrorism, it overlooks important questions. One example: How can Indian Army explosives reach Hindu extremist groups? 


A ten-page report titled, The Arrest of Abu Jundal: Assessment and Recommendations, published by Institute of Defense Studies and Analysis in New Delhi, India, on 20 July, 2012, and authored by Vivek Chadha, argues that the arrest of Abu Jundal proves to the world community that it is not merely groups like LeT that need to be dealt with expeditiously but so does Pakistan’s sponsorship of terrorist groups which Pakistan allegedly regards as ‘strategic assets.’ 

The report concludes that Pakistan’s growing international isolation indicates the increasing pressure upon it to act against terrorist groups which it considers ‘strategic assets’. 

The report also recommends that India exploit the deterioration in Pakistan’s internal political, economic and security situation to coax it into taking verifiable action against the alleged terrorist infrastructure on its territory. But at the same time, sustained efforts need to be made to reach out to and strengthen moderate sections within Pakistan aimed at increasingly marginalizing the radical voices within its society.  

The Indian report has following five main arguments 

  1. Pakistani state agencies were directly involved in the planning and execution of Mumbai attack of 2008. However, details likely to be made available as a result of Abu Jundal’s interrogation could provide irrefutable evidence in this regard
  2. Pakistan has been receiving support and aid from Saudi Arabia despite being increasingly isolated in the west
  3. The city of Mumbai was held hostage by the ruthless action of the 10 perpetrators and their masters in Pakistan who were directing them
  4. The 26/11 attack [not to be confused with the 26/11 attack by US military on a Pakistani border post] indicated that the LeT, operating from Pakistani soil, could not have achieved this dubious distinction without receiving state backing
  5. Abu Jundal has revealed that 12 LeT terrorists were trained at camps in Muridke and Thakot in Pakistan, of whom finally 10 were selected for the attack. He has also said that the terrorists “were in constant touch with LeT figurehead Hafiz Saeed and Lakhvi, both of whom used to meet them along with the Pakistan’s spy agency, Inter-Services Intelligence.” 

Contrary to the above Pakistan’s interior minister had strong reservations on Indian investigation system which he termed as unprofessional and non-cooperative.

But let us see his statement in the backdrop of historical events and write-ups. Indian writers like Arunduta Roy, officials like former Maharashtra IG police S.M. Mushrif  along with human rights organizations keep raising their voices whenever they can under the coercive environment of Hindu extremist elements.

Today Sikhs, Christian, Muslims and Dalits (the ‘untouchable’ humans) are victim of state policies and inequality in India. Historically, the exclusion of 65 million Dalits from the Indian society has been on religious and cultural grounds. Most recently the state of Assam (see map here) witnessed brutal mob violence, which virtually cut it off from the rest of India. According to police, at least 45 people have been killed, homes burnt, butchered bodies recovered, railway lines blocked in protest, and at least 150,000 people have fled their homes in fear.

It’s also pertinent to recall the carnage of 18 Feb 2007 when at least 68 people mostly Pakistanis were killed in a series of explosions and fire on Pakistan-bound train in the northern Indian state of Haryana, near Panipat, about 80km (50 miles) north of Delhi. Initial investigation blamed LeT and JeM, even a Pakistani national Azmat Ali was arrested. Later investigators found that rightwing Hindu activists and an Indian army officer Colonel Prohit had a significant role in the terrorist attack. The confessions of Swami Aseemanand further confirm Hindutva role in terrorism.

Indian Army Explosives

In The Hand Of Hindu Terrorists 

In Mecca Masjid Blast on May 18, 2007, 14 people died and as a natural reaction initially around 80 Muslims were detained for questioning and 25 were arrested. The investigation followed the script until the CBI found evidence that mobile phone-detonated explosives packed in metal tubes were similar to the Ajmer blasts. The bombs are believed to have contained a deadly mix of RDX and TNT, in proportions often used by the Indian army.

CBI director Ashwani Kumar told the media that an activist named Sunil Joshi “played a key role in orchestrating the Ajmer blast and a set of mobile SIM cards that had been used in activation of the bomb-triggers in the Mecca Masjid blast was used again in the Ajmer blast”.

National Investigating Agency (NIA) filed a case in a court accusing 11 Hindus and members of the ultra-right-wing Sanathan Sanstha, of masterminding and executing the October 2009 Margao blast. Initial suspicion and interrogation of suspected Indian Muslim men, some accused of being members of “sleeper cells of jehadi groups” turned out to be a lie. But the way this investigation was handled provides a glimpse into how terror investigations are handled in India.

The larger story can be summarized in what a human right activist and Mumbai advocate Mihir said, “It is believed that CBI is seeking directions from the home ministry to see the Ajmer, Mecca Masjid, Malegaon and other blasts in conjunction after there has been no conclusive evidence of the involvement of Islamic groups”.

Mr. Ram Puniyani, professor in biomedical engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology in Mumbai, wrote about Indian Army Lt. Col. Purohit on July 22.

He concludes that in the wake of the various acts of terror and Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur’s motor cycle being traced, it became clear that the investigating agencies are acting on the wrong thesis that ‘all terrorists are Muslims’.

A Pandora’s box opened and the link of ex-ABVP activist, Pragya Thakur, Swami Dayanand Pandey, retired Major Upadhayay, Lt. Col. Prasad Shrikant Purohit and Swami Aseemanand came to surface, and the role of two organizations inspired by the ideology of ‘Hindu nation’: Abhinav Bharat and Santana Sanstha also came to light.

The investigations led by Hemant Karkare, Rajasthan ATS and National Investigation Agency (NIA) made it clear that there is a deeper nexus of elements like Purohit & Co., those who have been part of terror groups or have been supporting them in various ways. The confessions of Swami Aseemanand named many more activists belonging to RSS combine, who are currently in jail and are facing investigations for acts of terror.

The blame game thus continues affecting the lives of common Pakistanis and Indians who vote and elect their leadership to improve their lives, but research institutes like IDSA continue to pollute the minds of political leaders and force them to act against their mandate for peace and development. Irritants like Kashmir, Siachen and Sir Creek remain on low burner and the miseries of people on both sides see no end.

First published by and edited here for space. Reach the author at Waheed.hamid07[at]


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